A natural approach to second language acquisition and learning pdf

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a natural approach to second language acquisition and learning pdf

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The relationship between instructed second language acquisition ISLA research, on the one hand, and English language teaching pedagogy, on the other, is not always clear and is sometimes contentious.

Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill. Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language - natural communication - in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding. The best methods are therefore those that supply 'comprehensible input' in low anxiety situations, containing messages that students really want to hear.


The natural approach is a method of language teaching developed by Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell in the late s and early s. It aims to foster naturalistic language acquisition in a classroom setting, and to this end it emphasises communication, and places decreased importance on conscious grammar study and explicit correction of student errors. Efforts are also made to make the learning environment as stress-free as possible. In the natural approach, language output is not forced, but allowed to emerge spontaneously after students have attended to large amounts of comprehensible language input. The natural approach has become closely associated with Krashen's monitor model , and it is often seen as an application of the theory to language teaching.

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The Natural Approach. In , Tracy Terrell, a teacher of Spanish in California, outlined "a proposal for a 'new' philosophy of language teaching which [he] called the Natural Approach" Terrell ; This was an attempt to develop a language teaching proposal that incorporated the "naturalistic" principles researchers had identified in studies of second language acquisition. The Natural Approach grew out of Terrell's experiences teaching Spanish classes. Krashen and Terrell's combined statement of the principles and practices of the Natural Approach appeared in their book, The Natural Approach, published in

Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell developed the "Natural Approach" in the early eighties Krashen and Terrell, , based on Krashens theories about second language acquisition. Following an initial "silent period", comprehension should precede production in speech, as the latter should be allowed to emerge in natural stages or progressions. Noam Chomsky explain a new theory of language Acquisition and Learning Innovate methods for language teaching. Lozanov The Silent Way. Caleb Gattegno Total Physical Response. James Asher The Natural Approach. Overview In the Natural Approach the teacher speaks only the target language and class time is committed to providing input for acquisition.

In the s, Krashen developed a set of well-known 6 SLA hypotheses which are the foundation of natural approach of learning, which.

The Natural Approach: Language Acquisition in the Classroom

Cummins, Jim. Cummins, J. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. Hajimia, H. Krashen, S.

Germans spout German with perfect ease. The French do French with devastating charm. How did and when did they become so good?

Can we learn a second language like we learned our first?

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