Design and construction of egg incubator pdf

Posted on Monday, May 3, 2021 1:57:17 AM Posted by Florus A. - 03.05.2021 and pdf, pdf 4 Comments

design and construction of egg incubator pdf

File Name: design and construction of egg incubator .zip

Size: 14175Kb

Published: 03.05.2021

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI:

Incubation and Hatching

In a modern society like ours, birds are reared for two reasons; as pets and as source of food. As pets, they are needed for the company of man and his comfort, but more seriously, we keep birds for the purpose of obtaining meat from them. The food referred to here implies the meat we eat from them which has become an essential part of every home today and the eggs hatched by them for either consumption by man or for continuity in life cycle of birds Abiola, From the foregoing, birds are very important to man necessitating the need to maximize its production.

As a source of food, its rearing in large quantity can sustain the economy of a country by providing adequate supply of eggs and meat for both domestic consumption and export to other neighboring countries who are in dare need with a limited supply Akinyosove, This is a way of generating income to the country thereby improving the economy of the nation.

This is the more reason why attention should be given to adequate production of chicks in large quantities. The act of rearing birds dates back to the history of man. Naturally, in our society, we depend solely on natural hatching of eggs under a hen. This takes a maximum of 12 to 15 eggs for a set of hatching which normally does not occur more than three times a year.

This is highly inefficient and cannot meet up with the increasing need for eggs and meat in a society with a high population like ours.

Even though it is possible to separate the hen from chicks immediately after hatching, the hen is likely to stay up to 14 days before a new set of eggs are laid. This creates a kind of discontinuity in meat production and such delay can lead to shortage in the protein requirement of the society Adewumi et al, In our rural areas, a lot of hens lay eggs in good numbers but only a few are hatched due to the low efficiency of natural hatching, especially during the heavy rains and harmattan periods, and due to diseases which cause insufficiency in the number of chicks Adewumi et al, All these now make a conservative approach in poultry farming to ensure high productivity and minimize losses common to the primitive methods of poultry keeping Abiola, Then it was found that if a number of eggs were put in some form of box, and heat was applied fairly evenly across the eggs, at the end of three weeks, a small percentage of the eggs would be able to hatch.

And hence, most if not all incubators are built based primarily on the constant temperature hatching principle. This automated incubator employs the electricity for its heating and turning of eggs thereby eliminating the old method of opening the incubator to turn the eggs by slanting with hand opposite to the position which it had earlier been placed.

This new model of incubator will avoid manual labour from the poultry farmer, ensure high efficiency by constant closure of the incubator the guard against heat loss due to opening and heat supply. This surely will give a healthy chick, which is a product of good incubating conditions. Day-old chicks are in short supply in Nigeria and some parts of West Africa due to inadequate number of hatchers.

In Nigeria it has received little attention and because of this most of the local farmers adopt the traditional method of hatching of birds. The need for a mechanized form of hatching necessitated the design and fabrication of an automatic egg incubator. This would reduce drudgery of the traditional hatching method which though are quite efficient, but are rather uneconomical in scale. This work is limited to the design and fabrication of an automatic egg incubator with a turning mechanism, to produce 60 day-old chicks in one batch.

The significance of this study is to promote and encourage the production of eggs by providing a machine that will increase the scale in egg production process at an affordable rate. This project will increase the local content of machines produced in our local environment and therefore reduce the rate of importation of machines and consequently reduction in cost. The automatic egg incubator was designed and fabricated using available construction materials to reduce cost.

The equipment was tested using freshly laid eggs obtained from Aroma agricultural farm limited. Considering the following conditions; Heat requirement that ranged from This is initiated by an electric motor and it is done to prevent the embryo from sticking to the eggshell.

Out of about ten 10 eggs, seven hatched at exactly twenty-one 21 days, while two hatched after 21 days, one was not hatched at all. Based on the natural method of hatching which is 21 days of incubation, the equipment performed credibly well. This equipment when fine-tuned will serve the purpose of small scale farmers who cannot afford the expensive imported model.

Secondly, because of the indigenous technology involved, the maintenance will not be a problem. In a modern society like ours, birds are reared for two reasons; as pets and a source of food. The food referred to here implies the meat we eat from them which has become an essential part of every home today and the eggs hatched by them for either consumption by man or for continuity in the life cycle of birds Abiola, From the foregoing, birds are very important to man necessitating the need to maximize their production.

This is the more reason why attention should be given to the adequate production of chicks in large quantities. This creates a kind of discontinuity in meat production and such delay can lead to a shortage in the protein requirement of the society Adewumi et al, This new model of the incubator will avoid manual labor from the poultry farmer, ensure high efficiency by constant closure of the incubator the guard against heat loss due to opening and heat supply.

Day-old chicks are in short supply in Nigeria and some parts of West Africa due to an inadequate number of hatchers. In Nigeria, it has received little attention and because of this most of the local farmers adopt the traditional method of hatching of birds.

This would reduce the drudgery of the traditional hatching method which though are quite efficient, but are rather uneconomical in scale. The aim of this project is to design and fabricate an automatic egg incubator at a low cost using available materials in our local environment to enable the populace to have access to eggs at a cheap and affordable price at any given time. The significance of this study is to promote and encourage the production of eggs by providing a machine that will increase the scale in the egg production process at an affordable rate.

Yidersal hailu — January 29, Your email address will not be published. The specific objectives include; To design and fabricate an affordable automatic egg incubator of 60 eggs capacity. To test the incubator and determine its efficiency.

To test the incubator and determine the efficiency of the automatic egg incubator. Add a review Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Buy Via WhatsApp.

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AN ELECTRIC POWERED EGG INCUBATOR

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up.

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF AN AUTOMATIC EGG INCUBATOR

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies.

Incubation is the act Forced draft incubators I. Based on heating source:. Location The chick hatcheries are modern buildings that provide separate rooms for each hatchery operations, but each room has its individual requirements. The hatchery area should be a separate unit with its own entrance and exit, unassociated with those of the poultry farm.

COMMENT 4

  • The following materials were used in the development of the egg incubator: plywood, fan, thermostat, heating element, wet and dry bulb. Manville M. - 03.05.2021 at 06:37
  • PDF | On Jan 1, , Z. N. Oriolowo and others published Design and Construction of an Electric Incubator for Hatching Chicken Eggs | Find. Loararastta - 09.05.2021 at 13:31
  • ABSTRACT DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF AN AUTOMATIC EGG INCUBATOR the egg is slanted from rest. This is initiated by an electric motor and it is. Amaury Q. - 10.05.2021 at 00:22
  • However, an electric egg incubator will produce clean energy without harmful effects on the environment. Therefore, this study aimed at the design, construction. Rebecca S. - 12.05.2021 at 05:24

LEAVE A COMMENT