Advantages and disadvantages of organic farming pdf
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- What is Organic Farming?
- Organic farming – pros and cons
- 15 Disadvantages and Advantages of Organic Farming
Organic farming is the use of agricultural production systems reliant on green manure, compost, biological pest control, and crop rotation to produce crops, livestock and poultry. Organic centered agricultural production system fosters the cycling of resources to conserve biodiversity and promote ecological balance. In other words, organic farming does not allow the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, herbicides, or pesticides.
What is Organic Farming?
The word organic has become the buzzword in the recent times owing to the growing awareness of consumers on the drastic effects of chemical laden products on humans, animals and the environment. The label containing the words organic, green, natural and eco-friendly are drawing much attention of public though they are exceptionally priced. Of course, it is not a fad, but just a way of getting back to our traditional way of producing and consuming food. There is a lot of science behind the word organic and it is applicable in its own way to each field. For example, in dairy, a product is considered organic not just if the milk or milk products are free of antibiotics or hormones; also the cows should be fed with grass that is free of pesticides, fertilizers and GM seeds. For agricultural produce to be organic, the plants should not be treated with synthetic plant protection chemicals, sewage sludge or radiation.
Organic Farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to ause pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. Those people who are aware of their health they are using organic products, which minimize their risk and fear of diseases like cancer, diabetes and asthma etc. It is a form of agriculture that follows biological techniques like crop rotation, green fertilizers, manure, plant-based herbicide s and pesticides to protect the production capacity of soil for a long time. It is not a new system and is being practised for a long time. The principal goal of organic farming is to develop enterprises that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment. It aims to protect the environment, minimize soil degradation and erosion, decrease pollution, optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health. In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.
Organic farming – pros and cons
Organic farming is an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture accounts for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. It is defined by the use of fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure , green manure , and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control , mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. Organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. Synthetic substances that are allowed include, for example, copper sulfate , elemental sulfur and Ivermectin.
Organic food is a big growth area for consumer demand. Once thought to be the preserve of the wealthy or eco-eccentrics, organic food is going mainstream with many people from across the spectrum wishing to purchase organic food. Organic farming avoids the use of artificial fertilisers and pesticides but relies on more traditional methods of fertilisation and pest control, such as crop rotation, barrier nets and natural pest control. Despite the demand for organic food growing strongly, In the US only 0. It means that for organic food, the US and UK are reliant on food imports.
15 Disadvantages and Advantages of Organic Farming
In organic farming, crops , meat and other food are produced without chemicals. Fertilizers , pesticides , growth hormones and antibiotics are forbidden. During thousands of years of civilization the raising of animals and growing of plants have always been organic. Chemicals for farming first came up at the turn of the 20th century. Widespread use of chemicals began after World War II.
In the material, we will tell you why we decided to do this. In Europe, organic products are popular and in demand among consumers, despite the fact that they are more expensive. But in order to sell these products abroad, it is necessary to pass the appropriate certification.