Wildlife and biodiversity in western ghats pdf

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wildlife and biodiversity in western ghats pdf

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Western Ghats of India: Rich source of microbial biodiversity

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Running along the entire west coast of India, the mountains of the Western Ghats are no snow-peaked Himalayas. The largest population of Asian elephants in the world still roams free across southwestern India.

At least globally threatened species occur here. Archive Content Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. Toggle navigation. Language English. A biodiversity hotspot. More like rolling hills than snow-covered mountains, the Western Ghats - stretching some 1,km from the north of Mumbai to the southern tip of India - are a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's plant and animal species; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world.

In the northern part of the range , about one-third of the plants, almost half the reptiles, and more than three-fourths of the amphibians known in India are found in this narrow strip of rainforest just off the west coast. Mounting threats The Western Ghats were once covered in dense forests. Today, a large part of the range has been logged or converted to agricultural land for tea, coffee, rubber and oil palm, or cleared for livestock grazing, reservoirs and roads.

The growth of populations around protected areas and other forests has also led to habitat destruction, increased fragmentation, wildlife poaching and human-wildlife conflict. Whestern Ghats - Where do we work? WWF is working in the Western Ghats area highlighted in blue on the map above. Wildlife conservation in the Ghats The largest population of Asian elephants in the world still roams free across southwestern India. It is estimated that as many as 10, elephants can be found in the Nilgiri Hills , in the southwestern part of the Western Ghats.

As part of its efforts to conserve elephants, tigers and other wildlife, WWF is working in this unique part of India to: maintain the ecological integrity of forest corridors reduce conflict between wildlife and people bolster anti-poaching efforts in protected areas.

Biodiversity Hotspots in India

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Serious problems can arise from failing to provide evaluative conditions for the success or failure of management. The hunting community might fear nonapproval from nonhunters The reasons provided for wolf hunting are also important in a broader context. Fourteen days later, the Board of State Canvassers confirmed that , signatures had been gathered and that SB would be on the ballot in November Wildlife ecology and management. Indeed, a reason for the rise in ballot referenda and initiatives may be that those outside the hunting community feel disempowered and without adequate representation in the management of wildlife We understand that many advocates of wolf hunting are also advocates of The Model and believe it offers justification for wolf hunting. Note that only 3.

The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in the Western. Ghats, India. Cambridge, UK (ii) Western Ghats Assessment Report PDF. (iii) Species​.

Indian Hotspots

Text available under a Creative Commons licence. Your support will help us build a future where humans live in harmony with nature. The WWF is run at a local level by the following offices About the Western Ghats. The hill ranges of the Western Ghats, a global biodiversity hotspot, extend along the west coast of India from the river Tapti in the north to the southern tip of India.

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. The landscape is endowed with an array of vegetation types varying from dry thorn forests in the eastern side to wet evergreen forests on the western side due to wide elevation gradient m above sea level and varied rainfall pattern wind ward and leeward zones. The composition and configuration of this landscape facilitates diverse species of vertebrates 18 species of fishes, 35 amphibians, 90 reptiles, birds, 63 mammals. In the past, selected floral and faunal groups of Meghamalai have been sporadically surveyed by the British explorers.

With a focus on tropical rainforests, it includes more than 30 chapters covering different vertebrate fauna e. He has been extensively involved in field surveys in different parts of the country. He has published more than research papers in national and international journals and newsletters. He has participated in 36 th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica during and carried out studies on the species abundance and distribution of birds and mammals in Antarctica. He has participated and presented research papers at 60 national and international seminars and symposia.

A biodiversity hotspot