Eye movements a window on mind and brain pdf
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Saccadic masking , also known as visual saccadic suppression , is the phenomenon in visual perception where the brain selectively blocks visual processing during eye movements in such a way that neither the motion of the eye and subsequent motion blur of the image nor the gap in visual perception is noticeable to the viewer. The phenomenon was first described by Erdmann and Dodge in ,  when it was noticed during unrelated experiments that an observer could never see the motion of their own eyes. This can easily be duplicated by looking into a mirror, and looking from one eye to another.
Eye movements : a window on mind and brain
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Informatics, eye movements and multimodal interaction with a human in mind. Oxford: Elsevier. Journal articles, book chapters, proceedings: Sanchis-Trilles, G. Interactive translation prediction versus conventional post-editing in practice: a study with the CasMaCat workbench. Machine Translation , 28 ,
Eye movement research is a highly active and productive research field. Here we focus on how the embodied nature of eye movements can act as a window to the brain and the mind. In particular, we discuss how conscious perception depends on the trajectory of fixated locations and consequently address how fixation locations are selected. Specifically, we argue that the selection of fixation points during visual exploration can be understood to a large degree based on retinotopically structured models.
Eye-movement recording has become the method of choice in a wide variety of disciplines investigating how the mind and brain work. This volume brings together recent, high-quality eye-movement research from many different disciplines and, in doing so, presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in eye-movement research. Sections include the history of eye-movement research, physiological and clinical studies of eye movements, transsaccadic integration, computational modelling of eye movements, reading, spoken language processing, attention and scene perception, and eye-movements in natural environments. Students and scholars working on eye movements, medical scientists, neurophysiologists, vision researchers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, language researchers. Eye-movement research: An overview of current and past developments Section 1: History of eye-movement research Section Editor: Robin L. We are always looking for ways to improve customer experience on Elsevier. We would like to ask you for a moment of your time to fill in a short questionnaire, at the end of your visit.
Besides allowing us to perceive our surroundings, eye movements are also a window into our mind and a rich source of information on who we are, how we feel, and what we do. Here we show that eye movements during an everyday task predict aspects of our personality. We tracked eye movements of 42 participants while they ran an errand on a university campus and subsequently assessed their personality traits using well-established questionnaires. Using a state-of-the-art machine learning method and a rich set of features encoding different eye movement characteristics, we were able to reliably predict four of the Big Five personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness as well as perceptual curiosity only from eye movements. Further analysis revealed new relations between previously neglected eye movement characteristics and personality. Our findings demonstrate a considerable influence of personality on everyday eye movement control, thereby complementing earlier studies in laboratory settings.
Hayhoe, M. Current Biology , 24 13 , RR Diaz, G. Journal of Vision , 13 12 , 5. Journal of Vision , 13 1 ,