Cricket rules and regulations in hindi pdf

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cricket rules and regulations in hindi pdf

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a yard metre pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat and running between the wickets , while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this by preventing the ball from leaving the field, and getting the ball to either wicket and dismiss each batter so they are "out".

Click here to download "Leg Cricket Rule Book. Leg Cricket is not a new game. Its and ancient game. We have been playing this game since Mahabharata period. He kicked the ball and ball jumped into the Yamuna river.

Cricket in Physical Education

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a yard metre pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat and running between the wickets , while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this by preventing the ball from leaving the field, and getting the ball to either wicket and dismiss each batter so they are "out".

Means of dismissal include being bowled , when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side either catching the ball after it is hit by the bat and before it hits the ground, or hitting a wicket with the ball before a batter can cross the crease in front of the wicket.

When ten batters have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires , aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches.

They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information. Forms of cricket range from Twenty20 , with each team batting for a single innings of 20 overs , to Test matches played over five days. Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit , but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours.

In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, which is a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a slightly raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core layered with tightly wound string. The earliest reference to cricket is in South East England in the midth century. It spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire , with the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century.

The game's governing body is the International Cricket Council ICC , which has over members, twelve of which are full members who play Test matches. The most successful side playing international cricket is Australia , which has won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups , more than any other country and has been the top-rated Test side more than any other country. Cricket is one of many games in the "club ball" sphere that basically involve hitting a ball with a hand-held implement; others include baseball which shares many similarities with cricket, both belonging in the more specific bat-and-ball games category [2] , golf , hockey , tennis , squash , badminton and table tennis.

It is generally believed that cricket originated as a children's game in the south-eastern counties of England, sometime during the medieval period.

The case concerned ownership of a certain plot of land and the court heard the testimony of a year-old coroner , John Derrick , who gave witness that: [6] [7] [8]. Being a scholler in the ffree schoole of Guldeford hee and diverse of his fellows did runne and play there at creckett and other plaies. Given Derrick's age, it was about half a century earlier when he was at school and so it is certain that cricket was being played c.

One possible source for the sport's name is the Old English word " cryce " or " cricc " meaning a crutch or staff. In Samuel Johnson 's Dictionary , he derived cricket from " cryce , Saxon, a stick". Although the main object of the game has always been to score the most runs , the early form of cricket differed from the modern game in certain key technical aspects; the North American variant of cricket known as wicket retained many of these aspects.

In , the year Cotgrave's dictionary was published, ecclesiastical court records at Sidlesham in Sussex state that two parishioners, Bartholomew Wyatt and Richard Latter, failed to attend church on Easter Sunday because they were playing cricket.

They were fined 12 d each and ordered to do penance. Cricket remained a low-key local pursuit for much of the 17th century. According to the social historian Derek Birley , there was a "great upsurge of sport after the Restoration " in The patrons, and other players from the social class known as the " gentry ", began to classify themselves as " amateurs " [fn 1] to establish a clear distinction from the professionals, who were invariably members of the working class , even to the point of having separate changing and dining facilities.

The game underwent major development in the 18th century to become England's national sport. This caused a revolution in bat design because, to deal with the bouncing ball , it was necessary to introduce the modern straight bat in place of the old "hockey stick" shape.

The Hambledon Club was founded in the s and, for the next twenty years until the formation of Marylebone Cricket Club MCC and the opening of Lord's Old Ground in , Hambledon was both the game's greatest club and its focal point. New Laws introduced in the latter part of the 18th century included the three stump wicket and leg before wicket lbw.

The 19th century saw underarm bowling superseded by first roundarm and then overarm bowling. Both developments were controversial. The most famous player of the 19th century was W. Grace , who started his long and influential career in It was especially during the career of Grace that the distinction between amateurs and professionals became blurred by the existence of players like him who were nominally amateur but, in terms of their financial gain, de facto professional.

Grace himself was said to have been paid more money for playing cricket than any professional. It is a nostalgic name prompted by the collective sense of loss resulting from the war, but the period did produce some great players and memorable matches, especially as organised competition at county and Test level developed.

Meanwhile, the British Empire had been instrumental in spreading the game overseas and by the middle of the 19th century it had become well established in Australia, the Caribbean, India, New Zealand, North America and South Africa.

In , an English team made the first tour of Australia. In —77, an England team took part in what was retrospectively recognised as the first-ever Test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Australia. The inter-war years were dominated by Australia 's Don Bradman , statistically the greatest Test batsman of all time.

Test cricket continued to expand during the 20th century with the addition of the West Indies , New Zealand and India before the Second World War and then Pakistan , Sri Lanka , Zimbabwe , Bangladesh , Ireland and Afghanistan both in the post-war period. Cricket entered a new era in when English counties introduced the limited overs variant.

In cricket, the rules of the game are specified in a code called The Laws of Cricket hereinafter called "the Laws" which has a global remit. There are 42 Laws always written with a capital "L". The earliest known version of the code was drafted in and, since , it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club MCC in London.

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played on a cricket field see image, right between two teams of eleven players each. Each wicket is made of three wooden stumps topped by two bails. As illustrated above, the pitch is marked at each end with four white painted lines: a bowling crease , a popping crease and two return creases.

The three stumps are aligned centrally on the bowling crease, which is eight feet eight inches long. The popping crease is drawn four feet in front of the bowling crease and parallel to it; although it is drawn as a twelve-foot line six feet either side of the wicket , it is, in fact, unlimited in length. The return creases are drawn at right angles to the popping crease so that they intersect the ends of the bowling crease; each return crease is drawn as an eight-foot line, so that it extends four feet behind the bowling crease, but is also, in fact, unlimited in length.

Before a match begins, the team captains who are also players toss a coin to decide which team will bat first and so take the first innings. A match with four scheduled innings is played over three to five days; a match with two scheduled innings is usually completed in a single day. The exception to this is if a batsman has any type of illness or injury restricting his or her ability to run, in this case the batsman is allowed a runner who can run between the wickets when the batsman hits a scoring run or runs, [68] though this does not apply in international cricket.

The main objective of each team is to score more runs than their opponents but, in some forms of cricket, it is also necessary to dismiss all of the opposition batsmen in their final innings in order to win the match, which would otherwise be drawn. If the team that bats last scores enough runs to win, it is said to have "won by n wickets", where n is the number of wickets left to fall.

For example, a team that passes its opponents' total having lost six wickets i. In a two-innings-a-side match, one team's combined first and second innings total may be less than the other side's first innings total.

The team with the greater score is then said to have "won by an innings and n runs", and does not need to bat again: n is the difference between the two teams' aggregate scores. If the team batting last is all out, and both sides have scored the same number of runs, then the match is a tie ; this result is quite rare in matches of two innings a side with only 62 happening in first-class matches from the earliest known instance in until January In the traditional form of the game, if the time allotted for the match expires before either side can win, then the game is declared a draw.

If the match has only a single innings per side, then a maximum number of overs applies to each innings. Such a match is called a " limited overs " or "one-day" match, and the side scoring more runs wins regardless of the number of wickets lost, so that a draw cannot occur. If this kind of match is temporarily interrupted by bad weather, then a complex mathematical formula, known as the Duckworth—Lewis—Stern method after its developers, is often used to recalculate a new target score.

A one-day match can also be declared a "no-result" if fewer than a previously agreed number of overs have been bowled by either team, in circumstances that make normal resumption of play impossible; for example, wet weather. In all forms of cricket, the umpires can abandon the match if bad light or rain makes it impossible to continue. The innings ending with 's' in both singular and plural form is the term used for each phase of play during a match.

Depending on the type of match being played, each team has either one or two innings. Sometimes all eleven members of the batting side take a turn to bat but, for various reasons, an innings can end before they have all done so. The innings terminates if the batting team is "all out", a term defined by the Laws: "at the fall of a wicket or the retirement of a batsman, further balls remain to be bowled but no further batsman is available to come in".

An innings may end early while there are still two not out batsmen: [65]. The Laws state that, throughout an innings, "the ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls".

At this point, another bowler is deployed at the other end, and the fielding side changes ends while the batsmen do not. A bowler cannot bowl two successive overs, although a bowler can and usually does bowl alternate overs, from the same end, for several overs which are termed a "spell".

The batsmen do not change ends at the end of the over, and so the one who was non-striker is now the striker and vice versa. The umpires also change positions so that the one who was at "square leg" now stands behind the wicket at the non-striker's end and vice versa. Protective clothing includes pads designed to protect the knees and shins , batting gloves or wicket-keeper's gloves for the hands, a safety helmet for the head and a box for male players inside the trousers to protect the crotch area.

The only fielders allowed to wear protective gear are those in positions very close to the batsman i. Subject to certain variations, on-field clothing generally includes a collared shirt with short or long sleeves; long trousers; woolen pullover if needed ; cricket cap for fielding or a safety helmet; and spiked shoes or boots to increase traction.

The kit is traditionally all white and this remains the case in Test and first-class cricket but, in limited overs cricket, team colours are worn instead. White balls are mainly used in limited overs cricket , especially in matches played at night, under floodlights left. The essence of the sport is that a bowler delivers i. The bat is made of wood, usually salix alba white willow , and has the shape of a blade topped by a cylindrical handle.

The blade must not be more than 4. The ball has a "seam": six rows of stitches attaching the leather shell of the ball to the string and cork interior. The seam on a new ball is prominent and helps the bowler propel it in a less predictable manner. During matches, the quality of the ball deteriorates to a point where it is no longer usable; during the course of this deterioration, its behaviour in flight will change and can influence the outcome of the match.

Players will, therefore, attempt to modify the ball's behaviour by modifying its physical properties. Polishing the ball and wetting it with sweat or saliva is legal, even when the polishing is deliberately done on one side only to increase the ball's swing through the air , but the acts of rubbing other substances into the ball, scratching the surface or picking at the seam are illegal ball tampering.

During normal play, thirteen players and two umpires are on the field. Two of the players are batsmen and the rest are all eleven members of the fielding team.

The other nine players in the batting team are off the field in the pavilion. The image with overlay below shows what is happening when a ball is being bowled and which of the personnel are on or close to the pitch. One of the two umpires 1; wearing white hat is stationed behind the wicket 2 at the bowler's 4 end of the pitch. The bowler 4 is bowling the ball 5 from his end of the pitch to the batsman 8 at the other end who is called the "striker".

The other batsman 3 at the bowling end is called the "non-striker". The wicket-keeper 10 , who is a specialist, is positioned behind the striker's wicket 9 and behind him stands one of the fielders in a position called " first slip " While the bowler and the first slip are wearing conventional kit only, the two batsmen and the wicket-keeper are wearing protective gear including safety helmets, padded gloves and leg guards pads.

Indoor Cricket Rules

The global governing body of cricket i. These rules are made to increase the enjoyment of the game. These rules have to be followed by the all ICC member countries. Some interesting rules of the one day cricket are as follows;. In August , Sri Lankan pace bowler Vishva Fernando was bowling to Mahendra Singh Dhoni, and the ball hit the middle stump but the bails did not fall so Dhoni declared not out. What types of Balls are used in Cricket?

Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Welcome to the greatest game of all — Cricket. This site will help explain to an absolute beginner some of the basic rules of cricket. Although there are many more rules in cricket than in many other sports, it is well worth your time learning them as it is a most rewarding sport. Whether you are looking to play in the backyard with a mate or join a club Cricket-Rules will help you learn the basics and begin to enjoy one of the most popular sports in the world. The game is ever popular, with many fans attending to watch their local and national teams, the craze is always growing.

Legal Framework: Gambling and Sports Betting Including Cricket in India

Each innings consists of 12 six ball overs and must be completed within 30 minutes 5 runs will be awarded to the batting team for every one minute that you run over the specified time The choice of innings is decided by a toss, which should be completed by team captains 5 minutes before your scheduled start time. If your team are late, the toss will be forfeited to the other team. There will be a maximum of 2 minutes in between each innings. Winning teams will be decided by which team scores the most runs in their innings and no declarations of any innings by a team may decide the result of the game.

Cricket Rules

The responsibility lies with the captains for ensuring that play is conducted within the spirit and traditions of the game, as described in The Preamble — The Spirit of Cricket, as well as within the Laws.

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