Form function and style in lithic analysis pdf
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- Romancing the Stones: Biases, Style and Lithics at La Riera
- Artifact (archaeology)
- Middle paleolithic scraper reduction: Background, clarification, and review of the evidence to date
Romancing the Stones: Biases, Style and Lithics at La Riera
An artifact , [a] or artefact see American and British English spelling differences , is a general term for an item made or given shape by humans, such as a tool or a work of art, especially an object of archaeological interest. Artifact is the general term used in archaeology, while in museums the equivalent general term is normally "object", and in art history perhaps artwork or a more specific term such as "carving". The same item may be called all or any of these in different contexts, and more specific terms will be used when talking about individual objects, or groups of similar ones. Artifacts exist in many different forms and can sometimes be confused with ecofacts and features ; all three of these can sometimes be found together at archaeological sites. They can also exist in different types of context depending on the processes that have acted on them over time. A wide variety of analyses take place to analyze artifacts and provide information on them.
Wright Katherine. Comparative studies of ground stone artifacts have been limited, due to widely varying terminology and typological schemes restricted to material from one or two specific sites. Most interim site reports describe such artifacts only briefly. Yet ground stone has important implications for the development of prehistoric technology and therefore deserves at least as much attention as is routinely given to chipped stone tools. This article presents definitions of technological and morphological terms and a general classification applicable to prehistoric Levantine sites. While morphological typology should certainly not be the final goal of ground stone analyses, few would dispute the need for relatively standardized terminology that will permit communication of finds.
The hypothesis that the principal varieties of Middle Paleolithic scrapers reflect varying degrees of resharpening and rejuvenation, rather than discrete emic types, has generated considerably controversy over the past decade. While there have been certain misunderstandings surrounding the proposed models of scraper reduction, this controversy also reflects different approaches taken by prehistorians in interpreting lithic artifacts. Placing the notion of scraper reduction in the context of lithic processes generally known as the Frison Effect, this article presents the background and intellectual context of this interpretation and attempts to clarify the models themselves and their test implications. It also reviews and summarizes data generated by several independent tests of the hypothesis and presents new data bearing on this question. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Ahler, S.
PDF | Research into the processes that form the archaeological record Download full-text PDF Form, function, and style in lithic analysis, in.
Middle paleolithic scraper reduction: Background, clarification, and review of the evidence to date
The papers collected here are working documents which have not been edited for publication. They should not be quoted without the permission of the authors. To communicate with the authors via email click on their names. The origins of symbolling Robert G.
In archaeology , lithic analysis is the analysis of stone tools and other chipped stone artifacts using basic scientific techniques. The term 'lithic analysis' can technically refer to the study of any anthropogenic human-created stone, but in its usual sense it is applied to archaeological material that was produced through lithic reduction knapping or ground stone. A thorough understanding of the lithic reduction and ground stone processes, in combination with the use of statistics, can allow the analyst to draw conclusions concerning the type of lithic manufacturing techniques used at a prehistoric archaeological site. For example, they can make certain equation between each the factors of flake to predict original shape. The term knapped is synonymous with "chipped" or "struck", but is preferred by some analysts because it signifies intentionality and process.
Просто все привезти. Абсолютно. Ничего не упустив. Беккер еще раз обвел глазами кучу вещей и нахмурился. Зачем АНБ вся эта рухлядь.
Он принялся изучать раздвижную дверь. Прижал ладони к стеклу и попробовал раздвинуть створки. Потные ладони скользили по гладкой поверхности. Он вытер их о брюки и попробовал. На этот раз створки двери чуть-чуть разошлись.
Красно-бело-синие волосы. Мужчина засмеялся: - Que fea. Ничего себе зрелище. - Он покачал головой и возобновил работу. Дэвид Беккер стоял в центре пустого зала и думал, что делать .
Ты это уже .