Pdf of hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles

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pdf of hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles

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Understanding Household Preferences For Alternative-Fuel Vehicle Technologies

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Anderman, M. Advanced Automotive Batteries Conference Long Beach, California. Bureau of the Census. American Housing Survey. Carney, D. Available at www. Accessed July 16, DOE Department of Energy. June Accessed December 1, August 5. Accessed January 26, Annual Energy Outlook Report No. Washington, D.

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Energy: World oil crunch looming? Science : Kromer, M. Electric Powertrains: Opportunities and Challenges in the U. Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet. Cambridge, Mass. Morrow, K. Karner, and J. Battelle Energy Alliance. Nelson, P. Santini, and J. Long-Term Reliability Assessment: Pesaran, A.

Market, H. Tataria, and D. Anaheim, California. Power Grids. Part 1: Technical Analysis. Plotkin, S. Schlindler, J. Shiau, N. Energy Policy Simpson, A. Yokohama, Japan. Tikhonov, K. Woburn, Mass. The Oil Crunch. First report, October Zhang, S.

Jow, K. Amine, and G. Journal of Power Sources 1 : The nation has compelling reasons to reduce its consumption of oil and emissions of carbon dioxide. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles PHEVs promise to contribute to both goals by allowing some miles to be driven on electricity drawn from the grid, with an internal combustion engine that kicks in when the batteries are discharged. However, while battery technology has made great strides in recent years, batteries are still very expensive.

The present volume reviews the current and projected technology status of PHEVs; considers the factors that will affect how rapidly PHEVs could enter the marketplace, including the interface with the electric transmission and distribution system; determines a maximum practical penetration rate for PHEVs consistent with the time frame and factors considered in the Hydrogen report; and incorporates PHEVs into the models used in the hydrogen study to estimate the costs and impacts on petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.

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Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant Program (AFIG)

Skip to content. This is one of a series of fact sheets designed to help rural municipalities reduce fuel usage in their town fleets. Alternative fuel is a label applied to all vehicular fuels other than gasoline or diesel. This fact sheet focuses on biodiesel, ethanol, propane, natural gas, and hydrogen, due to their potential to power vehicles of all size classes, including heavy-duty machinery. Alternative fuel station infrastructure is not well-established in many rural parts of Massachusetts, and few state incentives exist for liquid alternative fuel vehicles, retrofits or fueling infrastructure. For municipalities located away from existing infrastructure, and not committed to installing their own alternative fueling stations, hybrid and electric vehicles may be a more attainable alternative to conventionally-fueled vehicles.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Anderman, M. Advanced Automotive Batteries Conference Long Beach, California. Bureau of the Census.


It was found that people are interested to have fuel efficient and alternative fuel vehicles. This was proven to be a financial matter of the customers. Governments​.


Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant Program (AFIG)

An alternative fuel vehicle is a motor vehicle that runs on alternative fuel , an energy other than traditional petroleum fuels petrol or Diesel fuel ; and also refers to any technology of powering an engine that does not involve solely petroleum e. Because of a combination of factors, such as environmental concerns, high oil prices and the potential for peak oil , development of cleaner alternative fuels and advanced power systems for vehicles has become a high priority for many governments and vehicle manufacturers around the world. An environmental analysis extends beyond just the operating efficiency and emissions, especially if a technology should be widely used. A life-cycle assessment of a vehicle involves production and post-use considerations.

An investment is being made not only in alternative fuels, but the deployment of alternative fuel vehicles, fleets, and technologies. Alternative Fuel Incentive Grant projects promote and build markets for advanced, renewable and alternative energy transportation technologies. The intent is to provide a stimulus for opportunities that better manage Pennsylvania's fuel resources in a way that also improves the environment, supports economic development and enhances the quality of life.

Skip to main content. There are many fuels today being used as "alternatives" to gasoline. In most instances, the alternative fuel is less polluting than gasoline, resulting in fewer harmful emissions into the air and a lower negative impact on human health. Many organizations in cities in the United States have voluntarily adopted programs to use alternative fuels in their fleets. These same cities are making efforts to provide the fueling infrastructure necessary to operate alternatively fueled vehicles.

Alternative Fuel Vehicles for Municipal Fleets

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A hybrid vehicle is one that uses two or more distinct types of power, such as submarines that use diesel when surfaced and batteries when submerged. Other means to store energy include pressurized fluid in hydraulic hybrids. The basic principle with hybrid vehicles is that the different motors work better at different speeds; the electric motor is more efficient at producing torque, or turning power, and the combustion engine is better for maintaining high speed better than a typical electric motor. Switching from one to the other at the proper time while speeding up yields a win-win in terms of energy efficiency , as such that translates into greater fuel efficiency , for example.

Switching to a HEV can provide the consumer with a multitude of benefits and advantages. The most useful benefit, however, is simple: hybrids are more economical. This is true for a number of reasons. HEVs achieve better fuel economy and have lower fuel costs than similar conventional vehicles. For example, the Honda Civic Hybrid has an EPA combined city-and-highway fuel economy estimate of 44 miles per gallon, while the estimate for the conventional Civic four cylinder, automatic is 32 miles per gallon. Want to check if a specific hybrid can save you money?

The second round of AFIG 2019 Awards has been announced!

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Due to the pandemic, our offices are closed to the public. Beginning Aug. The Department of Licensing maintains a list of qualifying vehicles. The exemption is applied to the sales price or fair market value when you purchase or lease a passenger car, light duty truck, or medium duty passenger vehicle that is powered exclusively by a clean alternative fuel or capable of traveling at least 30 miles using only battery power. Manufacturer and distributor rebates are part of the selling price. The amount of the rebate is not allowed to be used in any way to reduce the sales price or value.

Most vehicles run on fossil fuels, and this presents a major emissions problem as demand for fuel continues to increase. Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies gives an overview of key developments in advanced fuels and vehicle technologies to improve the energy efficiency and environmental impact of the automotive sector.

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