Difference between steel and cast iron pdf

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difference between steel and cast iron pdf

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Casting vs. Forging

Steel and iron are two of the most common materials used in the manufacturing industry. They are used to make a wide range of products and components. While iron and steel look similar, though, they are two unique materials with their own respective characteristics and qualities. Iron is a lustrous and ductile metal with the atomic number It has a chrome-colored appearance that reflects a significant amount of light. Like vitamins, essential minerals are needed for proper nutrition. When consumed, iron supplies the human body with nutrients needed to make hemoglobin.

Steel vs Cast Iron. Iron is a hard grey metal, and heavier than any of the other elements found on Earth. During a process, impurities or slag is removed from iron, and it is turned into a steel alloy. This confirms that steel is an alloy, whereas iron is an element. Iron exists in natural forms, and scientists have found it in meteorite rocks as well.

What Is the Difference Between Cast Iron And Steel?

Latest SubsTech articles Contact us Terms of use. Dmitri Kopeliovich. Carbon steels. First digit 1 indicates carbon steel are used for alloy steels ;. Last two digits indicate carbon concentration in 0.

Differences between Cast Iron and Cast Steel

The matrix microstructure in austempered ductile iron can be further refined by secondary graphite if the austenitization, quench, and isothermal transformation into ausferrite are preceded by an austenitization at a slightly higher temperature followed by quench to martensite, resulting in higher carbon content than being soluble at the second austenitization temperature. Hypoeutectoid steels with high silicon contents can be rapidly graphitized, causing recrystallization of surrounding ferrite due to plastic deformation making room for less dense graphite. In rolled steels, the interface between manganese sulfide and steel matrix is the most common nucleation site. Graphitized Si-solution strengthened ferritic steels may perform similar to free-cutting steels but with improved mechanical properties.

Both Cast iron and Cast steel are ferrous products containing iron and carbon as the major components. Both cast iron and cast steel provide very good casting properties and therefore used for a wide range of applications. Both cast iron and cast steel have very good mechanical properties. In this article we will explore the major differences between cast iron and cast steel; i.

Cast Iron and Steel are forms of alloy containing Iron and Carbon. An alloy is a pure mixture of metals or a mixture of metals and other elements. Cast Iron and steel have proven industrial value and hence are used as common construction materials.