Technical interview questions and answers on embedded systems pdf

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technical interview questions and answers on embedded systems pdf

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Semaphore is simply a variable that is non-negative and shared between threads. This variable is used to solve the critical section problem and to achieve process synchronization in the multiprocessing environment. A watchdog timer is an electronic part of the hardware that detects the computer malfunction and anomalies in the software. During a check for any activity, the timer starts counting from zero and the software restarts.

10 Embedded System Questions and Answers to help you succeed in your next interview

The word embedded merely means that something is attached to another thing or system. An embedded system is just like a computer hardware system, but it has software embedded inside the system. It is mainly a part of a bigger system or an independent system. It is based on microprocessors and microcontrollers in order to perform specific tasks.

An example of an embedded system is a fire alarm. All the popular Embedded System interview questions and answers have been put together which will be handy if you want to crack an interview. Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked Embedded Systems Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks.

Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies. The embedded system is an integrated hardware circuit system which is programmed to operate, organize and perform the singular or multiple tasks based on the application. The assembled units of the embedded system work together based on a set of program or rules which have been embedded into the microcontroller.

The Embedded systems come varied shapes and sizes. It varies from large multiple racked data storage systems to tiny or small modules like the personal MP3 players or cellular handsets.

The embedded system is based on the performance and functional requirements. The embedded system is divided into four major categories. Note: Embedded systems uses are very general question in Embedded systems interview questions. Note:- The embedded system market is continually increasing, so embedded system interview questions are essential.

Data is communicated between the peripheral device and system memory through the DMA channels. Interrupt latency can be reduced by making a short interrupt routine if interrupt priorities are not allowed by the hardware. In such a case interrupt routine which is started cannot be interrupted by another interrupt. It will be better to avoid disabling the interrupts in any method.

In such a case the interrupt has to wait for the next one to be allowed. Pre-processor is system software which can run on a computer's hardware and application. It is the first step of the language processing system. The main tasks of a pre-processor are comments removing, the inclusion of files and expansion of macros.

The purpose of the segment register is to hold the base address of the memory where a particular segment begins. There are different types of segment registers to perform various functions. It is a piece of hardware which is used for automatic detection of software anomalies. If such defects occur, then it resets the processor.

This timer is mainly based on a counter which can count down from some initial value to zero. The mutex is known as Mutual Exclusion. This is usually used by tasks for giving exclusive access to a shared resource. It can be used for multiple tasks or threads in a system.

Java is used in an embedded system for sophisticated and non-hard real-time tasks. It gives high performance and has small footprints. This reduces development time and errors. Java has a set of standard libraries, so the functionality rewriting is not needed. It provides excellent development productivity which is required in an embedded system. The primary purpose of an RTOS in an embedded system is to serve the real-time applications which can process the data without any kind of buffer delays.

It also looks after the hardware complexities. RTOS is used in an embedded system because it can meet real-time deadlines and can efficiently manage complexities. Note:- Some times interviewer can give you to make a standard report at the time of embedded system interview questions. It is a pathway to move the data rapidly through digital signals. There three different types of internal buses with are related to the processor.

The buses are data, bus, address bus and control bus. All these together make up the system bus. Both testing and verification are two different methods but these help in checking the application requirements and developments. The primary purpose of both is to provide a correct application — however, the difference between the two.

The first modern embedded system was known as Apollo Guidance Computer. These top embedded system questions and answers will be helpful in clearing job interviews and getting a promotion at work. Go through this specially curated list of expertly picked embedded interview questions to get guaranteed success with the embedded job interview. When not found coding, our technical consultants can be seen helping out others. Ask Your Question. By Best Interview Question.

Last update : 23 Mar , 20 Questions. What is an embedded system and why it is used? Explain the characteristics of embedded system? Some of the significant characteristics of an embedded system are: It contains the processing engine The embedded systems are designed for a particular application, The embedded system includes a simple user interface like an automotive engine ignition.

The embedded systems usually have a simple user interface and power limitations. Like some embedded system operate from batteries only The application software is mostly built-in the integrated system, and it is not selected by the user The applications for which the embedded systems are designed to require no human intervention. What are the different types of embedded systems?

Stand-alone embedded systems:- The autonomous embedded system does not require a host system like a computer, but it works all by itself independently. It receives input from the input ports either in digital form or analog form and transfers the data to give the resulting data through the connected device which is responsible for controlling the associated devices.

Some examples of a stand-alone embedded system include mp3 players, digital cameras, video games, and temperature measurement systems. Real-time embedded systems:- This system requires an output in a particular time frame.

It follows the time deadlines for the completion of the set tasks. The real-time application embedded systems are further classified into a soft real-time system and hard real-time system. Networked embedded system:- This type of embedded system is related to networks which can access the resources. The connection can be wired or even wireless. Mobile Embedded Systems: - Mobile embedded systems are much more preferred than others.

These are portable devices like mobile phones, digital cameras, wireless mp3 players, etc. What are the advantages and disadvantages of embedded system? Advantages of the embedded systems They are easy for mass production It is highly reliable It has improved product quality The embedded systems use low power operation The embedded system operates very fast, and it is portable and small in size Disadvantages of the embedded systems It has no room for technological improvements The embedded systems are hard to maintain It is complicated to take back up of the embedded files The embedded systems have less power supply durability if it is battery operated.

Explain the components of an embedded system? The components of an embedded system are mainly divided into three parts: Hardware Components:- The different hardware components of an embedded system includes a power supply, processor, memory, timer-counters, communication ports, input and output, and application specific circuits like temperature sensor or buzzer for the alert purpose.

Software Components:- The different software components of an embedded system includes assembler, emulator, debugger and compiler. RTOS Real Time Operating System :- The job of this system is to supervise the software components and gives a mechanism which allows a processor to run a process according to the schedule.

Explain the difference between a microcontroller and an embedded system? The difference between an embedded system and microcontroller are: S. Embedded system is an electronic system. The microcontroller is the heart of an embedded system, and it controls the operation. Embedded system looks after the whole process. A microcontroller looks after specific tasks only.

An embedded system consists of hardware and software components. Explain the difference between microcontroller and microprocessor?

The difference between microprocessor and microcontroller are: S. The microprocessor is the central part or heart of the computer system. The microcontroller is the heart of an embedded system. There is no power system feature in a microprocessor. Power saving feature is there in a microcontroller. A microprocessor system is complex and expensive. The microcontroller system is inexpensive and straightforward.

Microprocessor depends on technology, and so the system can run at a very high speed. A microcontroller depends on its architecture, and hence the system can run up to MHz. Microprocessor runs on the Von-Neumann architecture where data and program can be stored in the same memory. The microcontroller runs on Harvard architecture, and so data and program memories are separate.

The microprocessor is generally used in personal computers. A microcontroller is used in washing machines and MP3 players. What is DMA in an embedded system? How are macros different from functions?

36 Embedded Systems Interview Questions and Answer

Embedded Systems based Questions and Answers. What are the characteristics of embedded system? The Characteristics of the embedded systems are as follows- 1. Sophisticated functionality 2. Real time behavior 3. Low manufacturing cost 4.

Embedded Systems Interview Questions

Describe the pros and cons of using a generic real-time operating system RTOS on a mid-range microcontroller. RTOSes can significantly ease the development of complex products, which can translate into faster development cycles. Because of all that, they also introduce overhead in code size and CPU usage, which is not acceptable for all projects. Interrupt handlers almost always need to finish their execution quickly—the details depend on the device and application—and this limits the complexity of what can be done in their code. Also, the context in which the interrupt handler code is executed can, for either hardware or software reasons, prevent the usage from within the interrupt handler code of:.

Embedded System Interview Questions with Answers

This article is mainly focused on the most repeatedly asked embedded system interview questions. These embedded system questions not only for fresher but also good for the experienced person. I hope these embedded system interview questions with the answer will be helpful. If you have any other important questions relate to the embedded systems and concepts or want to give the answer to any mentioned embedded systems interview questions, then please write in the comment box. It is helpful to others.

These 36 solved Embedded Systems questions will help you prepare for technical interviews and online selection tests conducted during campus placement for freshers and job interviews for professionals. After reading these tricky Embedded Systems questions , you can easily attempt the objective type and multiple choice type questions on this topic. What is the need for an infinite loop in Embedded systems? How does combination of functions reduce memory requirements in embedded systems? The design philosophy of RISC architecture is such that only one instruction is performed on each machine cycle thus taking very less time and speeding up when compared to their CISC counterparts.


Top 18 Embedded Systems Interview Questions & Answers. Details: Last Updated: 09 March Download PDF.


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Searching for another job can be so tedious that it can turn into a job itself. If you are expertise in with embedded development tools, debuggers and protocol analyzers then prepare well for the job interviews with to get your dream job. Here's our recommendation to prepare well for the job interview to achieve your career goals in an easy way. Wisdom jobs job interview questions page publishes important information for your job search. Follow our embedded systems job interview questions and answers site to get through your job interview in first attempt. Question 1. Embedded system can include RTOS and cannot include also.

The word embedded merely means that something is attached to another thing or system. An embedded system is just like a computer hardware system, but it has software embedded inside the system. It is mainly a part of a bigger system or an independent system. It is based on microprocessors and microcontrollers in order to perform specific tasks. An example of an embedded system is a fire alarm.

Embedded Systems interview questions

Download PDF 1 Explain what is embedded system in a computer system?

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