An introduction to science and technology studies pdf

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an introduction to science and technology studies pdf

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Its roots lie in the interwar period and continue into the start of the Cold War, when historians and sociologists of science, and scientists themselves, became interested in the relationship between scientific knowledge, technological systems, and society. STS, as practiced in academia today, merges two broad streams of scholarship. This line of work addresses questions like the following: is there a scientific method; what makes scientific facts credible; how do new disciplines emerge; and how does science relate to religion? Driving this body of research are questions like the following: how should states set priorities for research funding; who should participate, and how, in technological decisionmaking; should life forms be patented; how should societies measure risks and set safety standards; and how should experts communicate the reasons for their judgments to the public? Increasingly, the dilemmas that confront people, whether in government, industry, politics or daily life, cut across the conventional lines of academic training and thought.

Science and technology studies

Its roots lie in the interwar period and continue into the start of the Cold War, when historians and sociologists of science, and scientists themselves, became interested in the relationship between scientific knowledge, technological systems, and society.

STS, as practiced in academia today, merges two broad streams of scholarship. This line of work addresses questions like the following: is there a scientific method; what makes scientific facts credible; how do new disciplines emerge; and how does science relate to religion?

Driving this body of research are questions like the following: how should states set priorities for research funding; who should participate, and how, in technological decisionmaking; should life forms be patented; how should societies measure risks and set safety standards; and how should experts communicate the reasons for their judgments to the public? Increasingly, the dilemmas that confront people, whether in government, industry, politics or daily life, cut across the conventional lines of academic training and thought.

STS seeks to overcome the divisions, particularly between the two cultures of humanities interpretive inquiry and natural sciences rational analysis. STS teaching seeks to promote cross-disciplinary integration, civic engagement, and critical thinking. Undergraduate STS courses are especially popular with engineering and pre-professional students, including premeds.

They help to illuminate issues of professional responsibility and ethics. Such courses also build bridges between disciplines that do not ordinarily meet each other in the undergraduate curriculum, such as sociology and science, law and science, anthropology and technology, environmental science and political theory, or technology and philosophy.

Graduate STS courses offer ways of integrating knowledge in areas that are impossible to grasp through any single discipline; examples include security studies, environmental studies, globalization, the human sciences, and biology and society. STS courses in these areas enable students to form more robust understandings of the nature of controversy, the causes of scientific and technological change, the relationship of culture and reason, and the limits of rational analytic methods in characterizing complex problems.

In sum, STS explores in rich and compelling ways what difference it makes to human societies that we, collectively, are producers and users of science and technology.

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, 2nd Edition

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This chapter presents science and technology studies STS as a new island in a preexisting disciplinary archipelago. As such, STS research focuses on distinctive objects of inquiry and employs novel discourses and methods. The field confronts three significant barriers to achieving greater intellectual coherence, and institutional recognition. A generation of scholars with graduate degrees in STS are helping to meet these challenges. Keywords: STS , science and technology studies , epistemology , discipline , social construction , relativism , scientific practice , boundary work.

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. Request PDF Interactions Between Science, Technology and Society: An Introduction This introductory chapter aims to explore and understand the … Finally, problems of experimentation with human beings and with animals are examined and special emphasis is put on the effects of science, technology and technoscience in society and the environment. Chapter; Aa; Aa; Get access. The importance of science and technology in our modern world cannot be overstated. To help students begin to understand the complex messages in media, It is broad and interdisciplinary, using examples from Australia and around the world.

A Field of Its Own: The Emergence of Science and Technology Studies

It offers an expansive introduction to the field of science studies, a rich exploration of the theoretical terrains it comprises and a sheaf of well-reasoned opinions that will surely inspire argument. Geoffrey C. If the introductory STS course you teach does not fit his book, change your course. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act , without the prior permission of the publisher.

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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy.

This chapter presents science and technology studies STS as a new island in a preexisting disciplinary archipelago. As such, STS research focuses on distinctive objects of inquiry and employs novel discourses and methods. The field confronts three significant barriers to achieving greater intellectual coherence, and institutional recognition.


STS was the result of a “sociological turn” in science studies. • STS makes the assumption that science and technology are essentially intertwined and that they are.


An introduction to science and technology studies

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