History of dyes and pigments pdf
File Name: history of dyes and pigments .zip
Dyes and Pigments
This paper is a review article which presents brief historical information about natural dyes in different historical periods in Egypt. This information will assist archaeologists, dyers, artists and conservators who seek information about ancient dyes in Egypt. For example, the data will help conservators in choosing natural dyes that can be used in producing new models of dyed textile samples that simulate the original historical ones. These models of textile samples can be used as experimental samples in conservation research and training of young conservators. Also, this information can be used by technologists to conduct comparison studies on the technology of natural dyes in ancient Egypt. The dyes are presented according to their alphabetical names in this paper.
In this book the authors go back to basics to describe the structural differences between dyes and pigments, their mechanisms of action, properties and applications. They set the scene by explaining the reasons behind these differences and show how dyes are predominately organic compounds that dissolve or react with substrates, whereas pigments are predominantly finely ground inorganic substances that are insoluble and therefore have a different mode of coloring. They also describe the role of functional groups and their effect on dyeing ability, contrasting this with the way in which pigments cause surface reflection or light absorption depending on their chemical and crystalline structure and relative particle size. The book explores the environmental impact of dyes in a section that covers the physical, chemical, toxicological, and ecological properties of dyes and how these are used to assess their effect on the environment and to estimate whether a given product presents a potential hazard. Lastly, it assesses how, in addition to their traditional uses in the textile, leather, paper, paint and varnish industries, dyes and pigments are indispensable in other fields such as microelectronics, medical diagnostics, and in information recording techniques. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide.
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Various modern dye types are depicted and some of the new pigments used as high performance pigments for demanding paint and plastics applications are.
History of Dyes Used in Different Historical Periods of Egypt
A dye is a colored substance that chemically bonds to the substrate to which it is being applied. This distinguishes dyes from pigments which do not chemically bind to the material they color. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution , and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber. Both dyes and pigments are colored, because they absorb only some wavelengths of visible light.